Benjamin Franklin’s List of 13 Virtues

Benjamin Franklin is famous for his list of 13 virtues, which he used as a personal code of conduct to help him live a moral and productive life. The virtues, as listed by Franklin in his autobiography, are:

  1. Temperance: Eat not to excess; drink not to excess; sleep not too little; neither too much. Avoid all kinds of excess.
  2. Silence: Speak not but what may benefit others or yourself; avoid trifling conversation.
  3. Order: Let all your things have their places; let each part of your business have its time.
  4. Resolution: Resolve to perform what you ought; perform without fail what you resolve.
  5. Frugality: Make no expense but to do good to others or yourself; i.e., waste nothing.
  6. Industry: Lose no time; be always employed in something useful; cut off all unnecessary actions.
  7. Sincerity: Use no hidden or dishonest dealings, but be open, plain, and honest in all your transactions.
  8. Justice: Wrong none by doing injuries, or omitting the benefits that are your duty.
  9. Modesty: Avoid vanity; be humble; avoid arrogance.
  10. Cleanliness: Keep both body and soul clean.
  11. Transquility: Be calm, quiet, and peaceful; avoid anger, impatience, and passion.
  12. Affability: Be friendly and kind to all; engage in cheerful conversation with every one.
  13. Gratitude: Be thankful for all the favors you receive.

These virtues were a significant influence on Franklin’s personal development and helped shape his character, making him one of America’s most influential founding fathers.

SOURCE: Mistral OpenAI Model